The protocol establishing the Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AUPSC Protocol) will likely come into force in 2004 and will serve as the continent's first continent-wide, regional, collective security system. This article examines how African states chose to evolve the African Union regional collective security system. Particular attention is devoted to the concept of conflict management through military intervention in the AUPSC Protocol and relevant constitutive acts of African regional organizations. The first section analyzes key provisions of the Protocol. The second section contemplates the impact of the Protocol once it enters into force and the main stumbling blocks that will need to be addressed, including trans-regional conflicts of law. The third, concluding section suggests ways to strengthen the enforcement aims of the AUPSC within the context of the current African system.
Jeremy I. Levitt, The Peace and Security Council of the African Union: The Known Unknowns, 13 Transnat'l L. & Contemp. Probs. 109 (2003)