America's refitting its businesses for global competition. The nation's views on affirmative action (how much it should cost) is a part of the process. This article examines and critiques recent cases decided by the United States Supreme Court. The views of the justices highlight shifting attitudes about affirmative action policy in labor relations, building construction, and employee-employer relationships. White men control most of the money and property in the world. In a global economy, they are losing control to the Japanese. To protect what they own, they've formed international confederations. On the national scene, they've reinterpreted their laws to both (a) cut their losses and (b) identify people who can help them. The cases that follow symbolize what has happened.
Ronald C. Griffin, Employment Discrimination Cases: Something's Blowing in the Wind, 30 Washburn L.J. 458 (1991)