Florida A & M University Law Review


Ava Azad


The term “globalization” generally carries a positive connotation, invoking images of progress and international unity. “Technology” similarly enjoys a reputation of enabling human advancement and improving sustenance, shelter, education, and overall quality of life. Both promote the development of the other and their success has become intertwined. Development of the oil industry is one newsworthy example of the coming together of technology and globalization as nations rush to discover, extract, and refine oil wherever possible and sell the fuel to their own citizens or export it to other nations. Oil is also an example of dangers generally not associated with technology and globalization. The hazards of oil spills and waste for human and environmental health are highly publicized and difficult to doubt. As the oil industry has become globalized, so have the dangers to which it leads. The focus of this paper is one such danger: the disproportionate impact the exploitation of land for oil production by U.S. companies has had on the indigenous people of Ecuador.