Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 2017


This modest essay was a work of love in honor of Henry J. Richardson III, my dear brother, friend, mentor, and father in international law. Hank is universally recognized as the Dean of Black international law scholars and lawyers in the United States (U.S.), Africa, and beyond. He has single-handedly mentored three generations of international lawyers, influenced three generations of international legal scholarship, and established the Black International Tradition (BIT), which "stretches back to the very origins of our nation, preceding even the Constitution." His works on Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s (King) leadership, authority, and ministry as a global human rights icon, which form the backbone of this essay, are invaluable to King scholars, researchers, and America's political leadership in a nation and world under siege by nativism, nationalism, white nationalism, poverty, and war.