It is my belief that the failure of Brown v. Board of Education and the continuing problem of race in America stems from the fact that America never took ownership of the promise of Brown, and instead, viewed the decision purely in terms of desegregation, as opposed to integration. Consequently, integration has remained a concept instead of an action item. Implicit in this notion of desegregation is the idea that the races sit next to one another, while the concept of integration carries with it a much heavier burden. It appears that the races have never made a personal investment in each other and thereby have fallen short of meeting the high standard that true integration demands.
Patricia A. Broussard, Brown Did Not Fail America, America Failed Brown, 47 Howard L.J. 829 (2004)